PHP的PDO常用类库实例详解-is_string

如何使用PHP查看当前变量类型的方法

...ame, $fieldVal, $condition) { try { if (!is_array($fieldVal) || !is_string($tName) || !is_string($condition)) exit($this->getError(__FUNCTION__, __LINE__)); $tName = $this->formatTabName($tName); $upStr = ''; foreach ($fieldVal as $k=>$v) { $upStr .= '`'.$...

这篇文章主要介绍了PHP的PDO常用类库,结合实例形式分析了PDO类库常见的连接,初始化及增删改查等操作技巧,需要的朋友可以参考下

1、Db.class.php 连接数据库

<?php
// 连接数据库
class Db {
  static public function getDB() {
    try {
      $pdo = new PDO(DB_DSN, DB_USER, DB_PWD);
      $pdo->setAttribute(PDO::ATTR_PERSISTENT, true); // 设置数据库连接为持久连接
      $pdo->setAttribute(PDO::ATTR_ERRMODE, PDO::ERRMODE_EXCEPTION); // 设置抛出错误
      $pdo->setAttribute(PDO::ATTR_ORACLE_NULLS, true); // 设置当字符串为空转换为 SQL 的 NULL
      $pdo->query('SET NAMES utf8'); // 设置数据库编码
    } catch (PDOException $e) {
      exit('数据库连接错误,错误信息:'. $e->getMessage());
    }
    return $pdo;
  }
}
?>

2、Model.class.php 数据库操作类

<?php
/**
* 数据库操作类库
* author Lee.
* Last modify $Date: 2012-1-19 13:59;04 $
*/
class M {
  private $_db; //数据库句柄
  public $_sql; //SQL语句
  /**
   * 构造方法
   */
  public function __construct() {
    $this->_db = Db::getDB();
  }
  /**
   * 数据库添加操作
   * @param string $tName 表名
   * @param array $field 字段数组
   * @param array $val 值数组
   * @param bool $is_lastInsertId 是否返回添加ID
   * @return int 默认返回成功与否,$is_lastInsertId 为true,返回添加ID
   */
  public function insert($tName, $fields, $vals, $is_lastInsertId=FALSE) {
    try {
      if (!is_array($fields) || !is_array($vals))
        exit($this->getError(__FUNCTION__, __LINE__));
      $fields = $this->formatArr($fields);
      $vals = $this->formatArr($vals, false);
      $tName = $this->formatTabName($tName);
      $this->_sql = "INSERT INTO {$tName} ({$fields}) VALUES ({$vals})";
      if (!$is_lastInsertId) {
        $row = $this->_db->exec($this->_sql);
        return $row;
      } else {
        $this->_db->exec($this->_sql);
        $lastId = (int)$this->_db->lastInsertId();
        return $lastId;
      }
    } catch (PDOException $e) {
      exit($e->getMessage());
    }
  }
  /**
   * 数据库修改操作
   * @param string $tName 表名
   * @param array $field 字段数组
   * @param array $val 值数组
   * @param string $condition 条件
   * @return int 受影响的行数
   */
  public function update($tName, $fieldVal, $condition) {
    try {
      if (!is_array($fieldVal) || !is_string($tName) || !is_string($condition))
        exit($this->getError(__FUNCTION__, __LINE__));
      $tName = $this->formatTabName($tName);
      $upStr = '';
      foreach ($fieldVal as $k=>$v) {
        $upStr .= '`'.$k . '`=' . '\'' . $v . '\'' . ',';
      }
      $upStr = rtrim($upStr, ',');
      $this->_sql = "UPDATE {$tName} SET {$upStr} WHERE {$condition}";
      $row = $this->_db->exec($this->_sql);
      return $row;
    } catch (PDOException $e) {
      exit($e->getMessage());
    }
  }
  /**
   * 数据库删除操作(注:必须添加 where 条件)
   * @param string $tName 表名
   * @param string $condition 条件
   * @return int 受影响的行数
   */
  public function del($tName, $condition) {
    try {
      if (!is_string($tName) || !is_string($condition))
        exit($this->getError(__FUNCTION__, __LINE__));
      $tName= $this->formatTabName($tName);
      $this->_sql = "DELETE FROM {$tName} WHERE {$condition}";
      $row = $this->_db->exec($this->_sql);
      return $row;
    } catch (PDOException $e) {
      exit($e->getMessage());
    }
  }
  /**
   * 返回表总个数
   * @param string $tName 表名
   * @param string $condition 条件
   * @return int
   */
  public function total($tName, $condition='') {
    try {
      if (!is_string($tName))
        exit($this->getError(__FUNCTION__, __LINE__));
      $tName = $this->formatTabName($tName);
      $this->_sql = "SELECT COUNT(*) AS total FROM {$tName}" .
      ($condition=='' ? '' : ' WHERE ' . $condition);
      $re = $this->_db->query($this->_sql);
      foreach ($re as $v) {
        $total = $v['total'];
      }
      return (int)$total;
    } catch (PDOException $e) {
      exit($e->getMessage());
    }
  }
  /**
   * 数据库删除多条数据
   * @param string $tName 表名
   * @param string $field 依赖字段
   * @param array $ids 删除数组
   * @return int 受影响的行数
   */
  public function delMulti($tName, $field, $ids) {
    try {
      if (!is_string($tName) || !is_array($ids))
        exit($this->getError(__FUNCTION__, __LINE__));
      $delStr = '';
      $tName = $this->formatTabName($tName);
      $field = $this->formatTabName($field);
      foreach ($ids as $v) {
        $delStr .= $v . ',';
      }
      $delStr = rtrim($delStr, ',');
      $this->_sql = "DELETE FROM {$tName} WHERE {$field} IN ({$delStr})";
      $row = $this->_db->exec($this->_sql);
      return $row;
    } catch (PDOException $e) {
      exit($e->getMessage());
    }
  }
  /**
   * 获取表格的最后主键(注:针对 INT 类型)
   * @param string $tName 表名
   * @return int
   */
  public function insertId($tName) {
    try {
      if (!is_string($tName))
        exit($this->getError(__FUNCTION__, __LINE__));
      $this->_sql = "SHOW TABLE STATUS LIKE '{$tName}'";
      $result = $this->_db->query($this->_sql);
      $insert_id = 0;
      foreach ($result as $v) {
        $insert_id = $v['Auto_increment'];
      }
      return (int)$insert_id;
    } catch (PDOException $e) {
      exit($e->getMessage());
    }
  }
  /**
   * 检查数据是否已经存在(依赖条件)
   * @param string $tName 表名
   * @param string $field 依赖的字段
   * @return bool
   */
  public function exists($tName, $condition) {
    try {
      if (!is_string($tName) || !is_string($condition))
        exit($this->getError(__FUNCTION__, __LINE__));
      $tName = $this->formatTabName($tName);
      $this->_sql = "SELECT COUNT(*) AS total FROM {$tName} WHERE {$condition}";
      $result = $this->_db->query($this->_sql);
      foreach ($result as $v) {
         $b = $v['total'];
      }
      if ($b) {
        return true;
      } else {
        return false;
      }
    } catch (PDOException $e) {
      exit($e->getMessage());
    }
  }
  /**
   * 检查数据是否已经存在(依赖 INT 主键)
   * @param string $tName 表名
   * @param string $primary 主键
   * @param int $id 主键值
   * @return bool
   */
  public function existsByPK($tName, $primary, $id) {
    try {
      if (!is_string($tName) || !is_string($primary)
      || !is_int($id))
        exit($this->getError(__FUNCTION__, __LINE__));
      $tName = $this->formatTabName($tName);
      $this->_sql = "SELECT COUNT(*) AS total FROM {$tName} WHERE {$primary} = ". $id;
      $result = $this->_db->query($this->_sql);
      foreach ($result as $v) {
         $b = $v['total'];
      }
      if ($b) {
        return true;
      } else {
        return false;
      }
    } catch (PDOException $e) {
      exit($e->getMessage());
    }
  }
  /**
   * 预处理删除(注:针对主键为 INT 类型,推荐使用)
   * @param string $tName 表名
   * @param string $primary 主键字段
   * @param int or array or string $ids 如果是删除一条为 INT,多条为 array,删除一个范围为 string
   * @return int 返回受影响的行数
   */
  public function delByPK($tName, $primary, $ids, $mult=FALSE) {
    try {
      if (!is_string($tName) || !is_string($primary)
      || (!is_int($ids) && !is_array($ids) && !is_string($ids))
      || !is_bool($mult)) exit($this->getError(__FUNCTION__, __LINE__));
      $tName = $this->formatTabName($tName);
      $stmt = $this->_db->prepare("DELETE FROM {$tName} WHERE {$primary}=?");
      if (!$mult) {
        $stmt->bindParam(1, $ids);
        $row = $stmt->execute();
      } else {
        if (is_array($ids)) {
          $row = 0;
          foreach ($ids as $v) {
            $stmt->bindParam(1, $v);
            if ($stmt->execute()) {
              $row++;
            }
          }
        } elseif (is_string($ids)) {
          if (!strpos($ids, '-'))
            exit($this->getError(__FUNCTION__, __LINE__));
          $split = explode('-', $ids);
          if (count($split)!=2 || $split[0]>$split[1])
            exit($this->getError(__FUNCTION__, __LINE__));
          $i = null;
          $count = $split[1]-$split[0]+1;
          for ($i=0; $i<$count; $i++) {
            $idArr[$i] = $split[0]++;
          }
          $idStr = '';
          foreach ($idArr as $id) {
            $idStr .= $id . ',';
          }
          $idStr = rtrim($idStr, ',');
          $this->_sql ="DELETE FROM {$tName} WHERE {$primary} in ({$idStr})";
          $row = $this->_db->exec($this->_sql);
        }
      }
      return $row;
    } catch (PDOException $e) {
      exit($e->getMessage());
    }
  }
  /**
   * 返回单个字段数据或单条记录
   * @param string $tName 表名
   * @param string $condition 条件
   * @param string or array $fields 返回的字段,默认是*
   * @return string || array
   */
  public function getRow($tName, $condition='', $fields="*") {
    try {
      if (!is_string($tName) || !is_string($condition)
      || !is_string($fields) || empty($fields))
         exit($this->getError(__FUNCTION__, __LINE__));
      $tName = $this->formatTabName($tName);
      $this->_sql = "SELECT {$fields} FROM {$tName} ";
      $this->_sql .= ($condition=='' ? '' : "WHERE {$condition}") . " LIMIT 1";
      $sth = $this->_db->prepare($this->_sql);
      $sth->execute();
      $result = $sth->fetch(PDO::FETCH_ASSOC);
      if ($fields === '*') {
        return $result;
      } else {
        return $result[$fields];
      }
    } catch (PDOException $e) {
      exit($e->getMessage());
    }
  }
  /**
   * 返回多条数据
   * @param string $tName 表名
   * @param string $fields 返回字段,默认为*
   * @param string $condition 条件
   * @param string $order 排序
   * @param string $limit 显示个数
   * @return PDOStatement
   */
  public function getAll($tName, $fields='*', $condition='', $order='', $limit='') {
    try {
      if (!is_string($tName) || !is_string($fields)
      || !is_string($condition) || !is_string($order)
      || !is_string($limit))
        exit($this->getError(__FUNCTION__, __LINE__));
      $tName = $this->formatTabName($tName);
      $fields = ($fields=='*' || $fields=='') ? '*' : $fields;
      $condition = $condition=='' ? '' : " WHERE ". $condition ;
      $order = $order=='' ? '' : " ORDER BY ". $order;
      $limit = $limit=='' ? '' : " LIMIT ". $limit;
      $this->_sql = "SELECT {$fields} FROM {$tName} {$condition} {$order} {$limit}";
      $sth = $this->_db->prepare($this->_sql);
      $sth->execute();
      $result = $sth->fetchAll(PDO::FETCH_ASSOC);
      return $result;
    } catch (PDOException $e) {
      exit($e->getMessage());
    }
  }
  /**
   * 格式化数组(表结构和值)
   * @param array $field
   * @param bool $isField
   * @return string
   */
  private function formatArr($field, $isField=TRUE) {
    if (!is_array($field)) exit($this->getError(__FUNCTION__, __LINE__));
    $fields = '';
    if ($isField) {
      foreach ($field as $v) {
        $fields .= '`'.$v.'`,';
      }
    } else {
      foreach ($field as $v) {
        $fields .= '\''.$v.'\''.',';
      }
    }
    $fields = rtrim($fields, ',');
    return $fields;
  }
  /**
   * 格式化问号
   * @param int $count 数量
   * @return string 返回格式化后的字符串
   */
  private function formatMark($count) {
    $str = '';
    if (!is_int($count)) exit($this->getError(__FUNCTION__, __LINE__));
    if ($count==1) return '?';
    for ($i=0; $i<$count; $i++) {
      $str .= '?,';
    }
    return rtrim($str, ',');
  }
  /**
   * 错误提示
   * @param string $fun
   * @return string
   */
  private function getError($fun, $line) {
    return __CLASS__ . '->' . $fun . '() line<font color="red">'. $line .'</font> ERROR!';
  }
  /**
   * 处理表名
   * @param string $tName
   * @return string
   */
  private function formatTabName($tName) {
    return '`' . trim($tName, '`') . '`';
  }
  /**
   * 析构方法
   */
  public function __destruct() {
    $this->_db = null;
  }
}

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